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18. ledna 2008 v 22:09 | Albert |  (Politické) problémy u nás i ve světě
Jedná se o výňatek z mého Kosmopolitanismu a demokracie. Opět prosím. Buďte trpěliví k chybám, které tu určitě nechybí.


2. 3. The Global democracy

Generally is liberal democracy a form of representative democracy where have some voted delegates any competence to enforce the decision authority which is subordinated by law of right. The liberal democracy is also modified by constitution which emphasise the protection of right and liberty of individuals and minories. The constitution below limits the competence and extent of power of leaders who exercise a will of majority (navajo, online).
Is very probably that liberal democracy tend to the global liberal demoracy. How is possible? This process - process of globalisation, the same way as the process of global liberal democracy, is unintentional, not long ago unfolded eminently and we are describe this reality now. The main labour of global democracy consist to discover such institutions and arrangements which will be protect currently the values which are collective for the whole world and also for local diversity (Forum 2000, online). With the concept of global democracy bear among others also the question of the state sovereignty. "Concept of the sovereignty of the state is all too easily dealt with in the state/globalisation debate. (...) Sovereignty is presented in the globalist state/globalisation discourse as an ideal type concept. (...) The concept of sovereignty is taken out of historic context." The concept of sovereignty is based on sixteenth and seventeenth-century (Pikalo, 2007, p. 26 - 27).
David Held talks about so called a transformation of democracy. "First, the locus of effective power is shared and bartered by diverse forces and egencies at national, regional and international levels. Second, the idea of a political community of fate - of a self-determining collectivity - can no longer be meaningfully located within the boudaries of a single nation-state alone, as it could more reasonably be when nation-states were being forged (Held, 2000, p. 423). The proof of this reality is in my opinion the entry of Czech Republic and next Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland and Slovakia into the space of Schengen. It hapend not long ago - it was in the night of 20thand 21thDecember 2007. This event means that the borders was canceled. "The so-called Schengen area where no border checks are carried out at common borders, which can thus be crossed at any time and anywhere. The abolition of border checks is accompanied by various compensatory measures involving extensive cooperation of all Member States applying provisions of the Schengen acquis (Schengen states/countries) in many aspects, such as setting a common visa regime, improving coordination between the police, customs and the judiciary and taking additional steps to combat problems such as terrorism and organized crime" (euroskop, online).
And... The main question which is running over my head sounds if is the global democracy in general possible? I think that is maybe yes, but not in near future and not for a whole world. In the world have been among the states large difference in the level of democracy in this time. The differences were in the past and they are now and I think that they will be always. My opinion is maybe very sceptically, I do not know, but for me is global democracy partly a little bit dangerous partly impossilbe and when already, then it will be for a long time in the future. Why is global democracy for me dangerous? Simply because I am afraid of conception of global democracy how I was reading for creation of this work. I am afraid of unintended consequences which are not clearly in this time. But I agree with that the development in the direction of the globality is unavoidable, necessary and already is proceed.
Resources from this part
Held, D. (2000). Regulating Globalisation? In D. Held and McGrew (eds). The Global Transformation Reader, pp. 420 - 430. Cambridge: Polity
Pikalo, J. (2007). Economic Globalisation, Globalist Stories of the State, and Human Rights. In Wolfgang Benedek, Koen de Feyter and Fabrizio Marella (eds). Economic Globalisation And Human Rights, pp. 17 - 38. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Liberální demokracie. Navajo. Online. Accessible from http://liberalni-demokracie.navajo.cz/
Pražská deklarace.(2001). Forum 2000. Online. Accessible from http://old.hrad.cz/president/Havel/forum2000/indexp.html
Vstup ČR do Schengenu.Euroskop. Online. Accessible from http://www.euroskop.cz/47719/clanek/schengenska-spoluprace-a-ochrana-statnich-hranic/
 

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